The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and Growth of Salafists’ Tendencies

Document Type : Research Article (International Relation)


Assistant Professor, department of International Relations, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Ahlul Bayt International University, Tehran


The weakness of Ottoman empire, in particular in the last years, adding to the materialistic tendencies of politicians, was attributed to not only a sort of disappointment of the religious state, but also exacerbating orientations to revitalize Islam. Nevertheless, with the exemption of current Turkey, other regions, dominated by Ottoman, were grappling with severely extremist trends which, in spite of their reduction, has been irritating the Islamic world after ages. Thus, what is the relation between Ottoman’s collapse and Salafists’ tendencies? The article by applying a historical analysis and investigating the pivots of Ottoman’s state, studies the reasons for Ottoman’s decline and by analyzing the effects of political vacuum as well as the disappearing of a supportively religious state in the area, scrutinizes the relationship between the collapse and the evolution of Salafists’ attitudes. Overall, Ottoman’s collapse contributed to the creation of a political vacuum, fed the appropriate context to raise Salafism in the Islamic world and Wahhabism is alleged a normal yet utilitarian approach to handle ever-increasing internal patches as well as internationally infuriating interventions at the time.


Main Subjects

Volume 9, Issue 2
October 2022
Pages 55-80
  • Receive Date: 22 November 2022
  • Revise Date: 21 December 2022
  • Accept Date: 08 January 2023