The Scope of Islam in Politics based on the Divine Theory of Government

Document Type : Research Article (Political Sociology)


Assistant Professor of Political Science Department, Lorestan University


The relationship between religion and politics is the most important issue that has nowadays engulfed the minds of many theorists of political science. This issue becomes more important when it comes to the phenomenon of Islamic Government (State). In the present world, there are many different interpretations of Islam. Some traditionally believe in the religion’s wide-ranging intervention in politics and some believe in the non-intervention of religion in politics based on the human experience. Theorization on the realm of the presence of religion in politics has entered a new stage. The present research sought to answer the following question: “How religion plays a role in the politics?” Answering the research question, the hypothesis is that the Islamic law, based on the human needs and the epistemological source of revelation, with a maximally reading and interpretation of Islam and in the refuge of the divine theory of the state, has developed a new concept called the “Political Islam”, which is considered the evolved form of the divine theory of government.


Main Subjects

Abbasi, Valiollah. (2016); The Theory of Maximal Religion and the Islamic Model of Advancement, The 5th Conference of the Islamic-Iranian Progress Model.
Ashoori, Dariush. (1987); Political Encyclopedia, Tehran: Morvarid and Suhrawardi Publications.
Babi, Saeed. (2000), The Fundamental Panic of Europe-orientation and the Emergence of Islamism, Translation by Gholam Reza Jamshidiha and Musa Anbari, Tehran: Tehran University.
Barzegar, Ebrahim. (2010); “The structure of understanding the political thought of Islam”, Political Knowledge, Year. 6, No. 2, pp. 43-72.
Barzegar, Ebrahim. (2013); The History of the Transition of Government in Islam and Iran, Tehran: SAMT Publishing, Edition 10.
Basiri et al., (2016); “Political Islam and the Islamic Revolution of Iran, Quarterly Journal of Politics”, Year. 3, No. 11.
Behrouz Lak, GholamReza. (2007); Globalization and Political Islam in Iran, Tehran: Research Center for Islamic Culture and Thought.
Feyrahi, Davood. (2014); Political System and Government in Islam, Tehran: SAMT Publications and University of Bagher-Al-Olum, Edition 11.
Haghighat, Sadeq. (2004); “The Typology of the Relationship between Religion and Politics in Shia Political Thought”, Mofid Quarterly, No. 44.
Hamilton, Malcolm. (2002); Sociology of Religion, Translation by Mohsen Salasi, Tehran: Tabiyan Publishing-Cultural Institute.
Hosseinizadeh, Mohammad Ali. (2007); Political Islam in Iran, Qom: Mofid University Press.
Jamshidi Rad, Mohammad Sadegh. and Mohamoudpanahi, Seyyed Mohammad Reza. (2012); “The concept of political Islam in the Islamic Revolution of Iran”, Quarterly Research Journal of the Islamic Revolution, Year. 2, No. 5.
Kadivar, Mohsen. (2008); The Government’s Theories in Shiite Jurisprudence, Tehran: Ney Publications.
Khomeini, Rohollah. (1998); Velâyat-e Faqih, Tehran: Ooroj Publishing.
Mahmoudi Kia, Mohammad. (2017); “Normative Threat and Repentance of Religion in International Relations: The Nature, Reason, Interaction Process”, Quarterly Journal of Political Studies in the Islamic World, Year. 7, No. 3.
Mojtahed Shabestari, Mohammad. (2002); The Hermeneutics of Quran and Sunnah, Tehran: Tarhe No Publications.
Movahed Majd, Majid. and Hamidizadeh, Ehsan. (2014); “Becoming Materialized and the Theory of Rational Choice of Religion”, Quarterly journal of Religious Studies, Year. 1, No. 3.
Poor Ahmmadi, Hossein. and Zolfaghari, Abbas. (2015); “Types of Political Islam Models and Their Interaction with Global Politics”, Quarterly Political and International Approach, Year, 6, No. 41.
Shahramnia, Amir Masoud. and Nazifi Nayini, Nazanin. (2013); “Interaction and Opposition between Nationalism and Islamism in Iran after the Victory of the Islamic Revolution of Iran”, Strategic Politics Research Quarterly, Year. 2, No. 5.
Soroush, Abdolkarim. (2016); Tolerance and Management, Tehran: Sūrat Cultural Institute.
Taheri, Seyyed Mahdi. (2009); The Review of the Impact of the Islamic Revolution of Iran on the Awakening of Muslims, Qom: Al-Mustafa International Institute for Research (PUBH), The Regional Research Center of Al-Mustafa Al-Almayyah Publication.
Vincent, Andrew. (1992); Government Theories, Translation by Hossein Bashirieh, Tehran: Ney Publications.
Volume 6, Issue 1
March 2019
Pages 65-81
  • Receive Date: 02 May 2019
  • Revise Date: 06 June 2019
  • Accept Date: 12 July 2019