International Peace in Global politics: A Critical Theory and the Islamic Perspective

Document Type : Research Article (International Relation)


Associate professor of International relations, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran


Frankfurt School’s critical theory, derived from the ideology of Herbert Marcuse and Jürgen Habermas et al. was put forward by Robert Cox,  Andrew Linklater , and Marc Hoffmann into the realm of international relations. It will be discussed in the framework of the third debate of international relations. The concepts represented in this theory are highly similar to those in the Islamic theory within international politics and foreign policy. Thus, the question here is the degree to which these concepts can be employed in order to extend the Islamic theory of international relations. The present paper is going to determine the degree to which such concepts as freedom, knowledge, mutual understanding, hegemony structure, international clampdown, and the like, which are frequently used in the Islamic international politics literature as the foundation of critical theory related to international peace, are comparable. The hypothesis of this research is that above-mentioned concepts have only verbal similarities and not interchangeable in the level of ontology and epistemology. In order to explain the main concepts of critical theory, this research, used analytical, descriptive method based on major resources employment. In fact, it answers the question utilizing the major resources being used in the Islamic international relations literature.


Main Subjects

Holy Quran
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Volume 10, Issue 1
March 2023
Pages 163-182
  • Receive Date: 28 June 2022
  • Revise Date: 10 July 2022
  • Accept Date: 09 August 2022